The game of chess from Asia to Europe

In the 7th century, the Arabs discovered chess in Persia and began to develop it. In the 9th century they bring it to Spain, from where it extends to the rest of Europe. In Europe, the pieces undergo transformation: the vizier becomes the queen, the war elephant becomes a messenger (the madman in France and the bishop in England) and the chariot becomes the tower.

© Swiss Museum of Games Collection
Arab-Islamic carved bone piece, 900-1000